213. “Corruption in the Education Sector” (2020) pp. 129-38 in Adam Graycar (ed.) Handbook in Corruption, Ethics and Integrity in Public Administration.

212. “Higher Education in the Former Soviet Union: Recommendations for Reform in 1990 – Were They Right? (2020) pp 3-13 in Iveta Silova and Sarfaroz Niyozov (eds.) Globalization on the Margins: Education and Post-Socialist Transformations in Central Asia. Charlotte (NC): IAP, Inc.

211. “Philip J. Foster”  (2020) pp 83-100 in Erwin H. Epstein (ed.) North American Scholars of Comparative Education: Examining the Work and Influence of Notable 20th Century Comparativists New York: Routledge.

210. Higher Education and Corruption: What Have We Learned? IAU Horizons. 22(1): 32-33. May 2017

209. The Importance of Moral Leadership at Universities. University World News 429. Sep. 23, 2016.

208. Comparative and International Education: New Issues, New Dilemmas. In Annual Review of Comparative and International Education. Edited by Alexander Wiseman. 2016 30: 39-44. 

207. The First Work on Post-Soviet Education: How It Started. Hungarian Education Research Journal 2016 6(3): 32-42.

206. Development and Education. In Handbook of International Development and Education. Cheltenham (UK): Edward Elgar Publishers. 2015. (co-authored with Jonathan M.B. Stern)

205. The Heyneman-Loxley Effect: Three Decades of Debate. In International Handbook on Education and Development. Oxford: Routledge. 2016. 

204. International Large Scale Assessments: Uses and Implications. In Handbook of Research in Education Finance and Policy. Edited by Helen F. Ladd and Margaret E. Goertz. New York: Rutledge. (co-authored with Bommi Lee)

203. Teachers and Teaching: What We Have Learned in 50 Years of Educational Assistance. Network for International Policies and Cooperative Education and Training (NORRAG) News 50(June): 41-42.

202. Education and Social Cohesion (Presentation at the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs, Georgetown University)

201. Research Quality: Quantitative or Qualitative? Teachers College Record

200. How Corruption Puts Higher Education at Risk. International Higher Education 75(Spring): 2-3.

199. The Bologna Process in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union: An Outsider’s Perspective. Journal of the European Higher Education Area: Policy, Practice and Institutional Engagement. 1: 55-73. (co-authored with Benjamin Skinner)

198. Impact of International Studies of Academic Achievement on Policy and Research. In Handbook of International LargeScale Assessment: Background, Technical Issues and Methods of Data Analysis. Edited by Leslie Ann Rutkowski, Matthias von Davier and David Rutkowski. 2012. London: Chapman and Hall. (co-authored with Bommi Lee)

197. Higher Education Institutions – Why They Matter and Why Corruption Puts Them At Risk. Global Corruption Report: Education. Transparency International. New York: Rutledge. 

196. The International Efficiency of American Education: The Bad and the Not-So-Bad News. In PISA, Power and Policy: The Emergence of Global Educational Governance. Edited by Heinz-Dieter Meyer and Aaron Benavot. Oxford: Oxford Studies in Comparative Education Symposium Books. [Also reprinted in Current Issues in Comparative Education, Winter 2013).

195. You Say You Want a Revolution: Responses to Three TED Talks on Education. Lifelong Learning in Europe March 2013. 1.

194. International Organizations and the Future of Education Assistance. UNU-WIDER Working Paper No. 2013/018. March 2013. (co-authored with Bommi Lee)

193. Low cost Private Schools for the Poor: What Public Policy is Appropriate? International Jounal of Educational Development 2013 35: 3-15.(co-authored with Jonathan M. B. Stern)

192. World Class Universities- The Sector Requirements. In Institutionalization of World Class University in Global Competition. Edited by J.C. Shin and Barbara M. Kehm. Heidelberg: Springer. 2013 (co-authored with Jeongwoo Lee)

191. The Ethical Underpinnings of World Class Universities. In The Future of Higher Education Systems: Functions and Ethics. Edited by J.C. Shin. (PDF)

190. Beyond Ideology – Rebalancing Education Aid. World Politics Review Nov 6, 2012 pp 15-21.

189. A Life Devoted to Schools. The Putney Post Winter 2012 pp. 28-31.

188. Student Progress Towards Graduation – An International Concern. Journal of College Student Retention Research Theory and Practice 2012 14(1): 1-8. 

187. When Models Become Monopolies: The Making of Education Policy at the World Bank. In Education Strategy in the Developing World: Revising the World Bank’s Policy. Edited by Christopher Collins and Alexander Wiseman. Bingley (UK): Emerald Publishers. 2012.

186. TMG Final Report – The Role of Private Schools for Low-Income Children. 2011. Washington DC: The Mitchell Group. (co-authored with Jonathan M.B. Stern and Thomas Smith)

185. World Bank Policy Paper of 2011: A Brief Comment. CIES Perspectives 2011 May-June pp 10-11.

184. Low-Fee Private Schooling: The Case of Kenya. In Low Fee Private Schooling: Aggravating Equity or Mediating Disadvantage. Edited by Prachi Srivastava. Oxford: Oxford Series in Comparative Education Symposium Books. (co-authored with Jonathan M.B. Stern) (forthcoming)

183. Review of ‘The Great Brain Race: How Global Universities are Reshaping the World. The Review of Higher Education 2012 (forthcoming)

182. International Trade in Education and its Discontents: Threats or Benefits. Lifelong Learning in Europe 2011 16(1): 14-18.

181. Private Tutoring and Social Cohesion. Peabody Journal of Education 2011 86(2): 8-9.

180. Middle East: Are Jobless Graduates Causing the Protests? University World News 159: Feb 20, 2011.

179. The Future of UNESCO Strategies for Attracting New Resources. International Journal of Educational Development 2011 31(3): 313-314.

178. International Issues in Higher Education. Oxford Bibliographies Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2011 (co-authored with Jeongwoo Lee)

177. The Corruption of Ethics in Higher Education. International Higher Education 62(Wine): 8-9.

176. Review of ‘International Perspectives on Workforce Education and Development.’ The Review of Higher Education Fall 2005 29(1): 131-132.

175. Education and Development: A Return to Basic Principles. Development 2010 53(4): 518-521.

174. Introduction to ‘Drawing the Line: Parental Informal Payments for Education Across Eurasia. Edited by E. Kazimzade and E. Lepisto. New York: Education Support Program of the Open Society Institute, Network of Education Policy Centers.

173. Review of ‘South-South Cooperation in Education and Development. Comparative Education Review Aug 2010 54(3): 447-449.

172. The Concern with Corruption in Higher Education. In Creating the Ethical Academy: A Systems Approach to Understanding Misconduct and Empowering Change. Edited by Tricia Bertram Gallant. New York: Routledge. pp 13-27.


171. An Education Bureaucracy That Works. Education Next November 2009 170. A Comment on the Changes in Higher Education in the Post-Soviet Union. European Education 2010 Spring 42(1): 76-87. 169. Should Vocational Education Be Taught in Secondary School? Journal of Educational Change 2009 10: 405-413. (co-authored with Manfred Wallenborn) 168. The Future of Comparative Education. CIES Newsletter 2009 151(Sep) … Continue reading “2000-2009”

165. Introduction to Secondary School Examination Systems171. An Education Bureaucracy That Works. Education Next November 2009

170. A Comment on the Changes in Higher Education in the Post-Soviet Union. European Education 2010 Spring 42(1): 76-87.

169. Should Vocational Education Be Taught in Secondary School? Journal of Educational Change 2009 10: 405-413. (co-authored with Manfred Wallenborn)

168. The Future of Comparative Education. CIES Newsletter 2009 151(Sep)

167. The Appropriate Role of Government in Education. Journal of Higher Education Policy 2009 3(2): 135-157.

166. Should School Time Be Extended Each Day and in the Summer? The Tennessean Oct. 6, 2009

165. Introduction to Secondary School Examination Systems.In Secondary School External Examination Systems: Reliability, Robustness and Resilience. Edited by Barend Vlaaringbrock and Neil Taylor. Amherst (NY: Cambria Press. 2009. pp 1-15.

164. The Failure of Education-For-All as Political Strategy. UNESCO Prospects 2009 39(1): 5-10.

163. The Work of Philip Foster. UNESCO Prospects 2008 38(4): 541-558. (co-authored with Chad Lykins).

162. Moral Standards and the Professor: A Study of Faculty at Universities in Georgia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. In Buying Your Way Into Heaven: Education and Corruption in International Perspective. Edited by Stephen P. Heyneman. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers. pp 79-108.

161. The Federal Role n Education: Lessons from Australia, Germany and Canada. Washington DC: Center forEducation Policy. Nov 2008 (co-authored with Chad Lykins)

160. A Quarter Century of Getting it Right in Education: World-Wide Successes and Continuing Challenges. Globalization, Societies and Education Nov 2008 6(4): 355-362. (co-authored with Kathryn Anderson)

159. Education, Social Cohesion and Ideology. in Right to Education: Policies and Perspectives. Edited by Erin Karp. Ankara: Turkish Education Association. 2008 pp 89-104.

158. International Perspecives on School Choice. In Handbook of Research on School Choice. Edited by M. Bereds, M. Springer, D. Ballou, and J. Walberg. Mahwah (NJ): Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. 2008.

157. A Luta Continua: The Presidential Address of Steven Klees. CIES Newsletter May 2008.

156. The Influence of Philip Foster on the World Bank. Prospects 2008 38: 569-572.


154. Three Universities in Georgia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan: The Struggle Against Corruption and for Social Cohesion. UNESCO Prospects 2007 3(Sep): 305-31.

153. Review of ‘Stratification in Higher Education: A Comparative Study,’ by S Yossi, R Arum, A Gamoran. The Review of Higher Education Spring 2008 31(3): 366-367.

152. Introduction to the Special Issue on International Issues. Peabody Journal of Education 2008 83(1): 1-4.

151. The Cost of Corruption in Higher Education. Comparative Education Review 2008 52(1): 1-25. (co-authored with Kathryn H. Anderson and Zazym Nuraliyeva)

150. The Evolution of Comparative and International Education Statistics. In Handbook of Research in Education Finance and Policy. Edited by Helen Ladd and Edward Fiske. New York: Rutledge. pp 105-127. (co-authored with Chad Lykins)

149. Higher Ed Trade in India.India Economy Review 2007 Vol 4 (No. 4) pp. 86-93

148. Buying Your Way into Heaven: The Corruption of Education Systems in Global Perspectives. Perspectives in Global Issues 2007 2(1): 1-8.

147. Education and the Crisis of Social Cohesion in Azerbaijan and Central Asia. Comparative Education Review 2007 51(2): 159-180. (co-authored with Iveta Silova and Mark Johnson)

146. Higher Education and Social Cohesion: A Comparative Perspective. In Higher Education in 21st Century: Global Challenges and Innovative Ideas. Edited by Philip G. Altback and Patti McGeill Peterson. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers. 2007.

145. Suppose There Were a World Bank for American Education. American Journal of Education 2007 11(2): 167-180.

144. Should Standardized Tests be Used to Assess the Progress of NCLB? Peabody Reflector Fall 2006 pp 12-13. (co-authored with Rich Lehrer)

143. The Effectveness of Development Assistance in Education: An Organizational Analysis. Journal of International Cooperation in Education 2006 9(1): 7-25.

142. Global Issues in Higher Education. eJournal USA Feb 2006.

141. Review of ‘African Higher Education: International Reference Handbook,’ by Teferra D, Altbach PG. Comparative Education Review May 206 50(2): 300-302.

140. Education and Social Policy in Central Asia: The Next Stage of the Transition. Social Policy and Administration 39(4): 361-380. (co-authored with Kathryn Anderson)

139. Publications of the International Institute for Educational Planning in 2004: A Review. International Journal of Educational Development 2006 26: 426-442. (co-authored with Marisa P. Pelczar)

138. Student Background and Student Achievement: What is the Right Question? American Journal of Education 20005 112(1): 1-9.


136. Philanthropy and Education: The International Dimension. In With the Best of Intentions: How Philanthropy is Reshaping K-12 Education Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 2005

135. Introduction to the Special Issue on Organizations and Social Cohesion. Peabody Journal of Education 2005 80(4): 1-7.

134. On the International Dimension of Education and Social Justice. International Journal of Education Law and Policy 2006 2(1-2): 47-58.

133. Review of ‘International Perspectives on Workforce Education and Development: New Views for a New Century.’ The Review of Higher Education Fall 2005 29(1): 131-132.

132. Review of ‘Implementing Sustainable Development: From Global Policy to Local Action.’ International Journal of Educational Development 200525: 473-474.

131. Post-Graduate Training and Research in Higher Education Management in Kazakhstan Kazakh Journal on Higher Education 3: 27-34.  (Russian version)

130. Post-Graduate Training and Research in Higher Education Management in Kazakhstan. Kazakh Journal on Higher Education 3: 27-34

129. What the World’s Schools Need is an Outside and Professional Eye. International Herald Tribune Feb. 15, 2005

128. Suppose There Were a World Bank for Education. Education Week 24(15): 44, 31

127. The Role of Textbooks In a Modern Education System. In Textbooks and Quality Learning for All: Some Lessons from International Experience 2006 Geneva: UNESCO/International Bureau of Education. pp 31-93.

126. Education and Corruption. International Journal of Educational Development 2004 24(6): 637-648.

125. Review of ‘Comparative Education: Continuing Traditions, New Challenges, and New Paradigms, ‘ by M Bray. Peabody Journal of Education 2004 79(4): 138-150.

124. International Education Quality. Economics of Education Review 2004 23: 441-452.

123. Review  of ‘Incentive-Based Budgeting Systems in Public Universities.’ International Journal of Educational Development 2004 24: 332-333.

122. Part II: Why Invest in Education? What Organizational Roles Are Appropriate? Peabody Journal of Education 2001 76(3-4): 175-179.

121. International Education: A Retrospective. Peabody Journal of Education 2003 78(1): 33-53.

120. Education in Latvia’s Transition: The Challenge of Management (Executive Summary). In Report on Education in Latvia 2001/2002 Riga: Soros Foundation. (co-authored with Indra Dedze.

119. Are We Our Brothers Keepers? World and I Magazine June 2003 pp 26-31.

118. What the United States Needs to Learn from UNESCO. Prospects XXXIII March 2003 1: 7-11

117. Foreign Aid to Education, Recent US Initiatives – Background, Risks, Prospects. Peabody Journal of Education 2005 80(1): 107-119.

116. The Millenium Challenge Account (MCA): Background, Risks and Prospects. Economic Perspectives March 2003 8(2): 23-27.

115. Review of ‘Positioning Secondary Education in Developing Countries: Expansion and Curriculum,’ by DB Holsinger. Comparative Education Review 46(4): 506-508.

114. Review of ‘Higher Education in the Developing World: Changing Contexts and Institutional  Responses’. Review of Higher Education Summer 2003 26(4): 

113. Defining the Influence of Education on Social Cohesion International Journal of Education Policy, Research and Practice Vol 3 (no. 3), pp. 73-97

112. Comments on ‘Should We Be more Like Them: Reflections on Causes of Cross-National Higher School Acievement Differences and Implications for Education Polucy Reform,’ by DH Baker. Brookings Papers on Education Policy 2003. Washington DC: Brookings Institution. pp. 32-338.

111. Review of ‘Modularisation of Vocational Education in Europe’, by Ertl H. International Journal of Educational Development 2003 23(2): 239-240.

110. Review of ‘Why Schools Matter: A Cross National Comparison of Curriculum Learning’ by WH Schmidt, CC McKNight, RT Houang, HC Wang,, DC Wiley, LS Cogan, RG Wolfe. Education Next 2003 3(3): 86-87.

109. Review of ‘Social Capital as a Policy Resource’ by John Montgomery and Alex Inkeles, Eds. Comparative Education Review 2002 46(3): 355-377.

108. Challenges for Education in Central Asia. Greenwich CT: Information Age Publishing. 2003. (co-edited with Alan De Young)

107. Islam and Social Policy (Editor) Nashville TN: Vanderbilt University Press.

106. Global Issues in Education. Peabody Journal of Education 2003 76(3-4). (Editor)

105. Going Global. Peabody Reflector 2001 70(2): 18-22.

104. Education: A Passport to Social Cohesion and Economic Prosperity. Riga: Soros Foundation – Latvia. 2001. (co-edited with Guntars Catlaks and Indra Dedze)

103. The Use of Cross-National Comparisons to Shape Local Education Policy. Curriculum Inquiry 2004 34(3): 345-353.

102. International Education. Encyclopedia of Education. Edited by James Guthrie. New York: Macmillan. 2003. Vol 6: 1265-1276.

101. Education and Social Cohesion. Encyclopedia of Education. Edited by James Guthrie. New York: Macmillan. 2003 Vol. 6: 2242-2250.

100. Education and Misconduct. Encyclopedia of Education. Edited by JamesGuthrie. New York: Macmillan. 2003 Vol. 5: 1659-1668.

99. The Knowledge Economy and the Commerce of Knowledge. in Handbook of Educational Leadership and Management. Edited by Brent Davies and John West-Burnham. London: Pearson/Longman. 2003. pp. 355-371.

98. International Uses of Education Technology: Threats and Opportunities. In Adapting Technology for School Improvement: A Global Perspective. Edited by Lars Mahlck and David Chapman. Paris: International Institute of Educational Planning. 2003 (co-authored with Katherine Taylor Haynes)

97. Education, Social Cohesion and the Future Role of International Organizations (reprinted in English). Peabody Journal of Education 2003 78(3): 25-38.

96. Education, Social Cohesion and the Future Role of International Organizations. Vereinte Nationen 50(1): 16-20. [original publication in German; republished in English (see 97)].

95. Education and Training: The Commercial Perspective. Northern Policy Research Review and Advisory Network on Education and Training (NORRAG). NORRAG News 27. Dec 2000. pp. 22-24.

94. The History and Problems in the Making of Education Policy at the World Bank, 1960-2000. International Journal of Educational Development 2003 23: 315-337.

93. A Renewed Sense of Purpose of Schooling: Education and Social Cohesion in Africa, Latin America, Asia and Europe and Central Asia. Prospects XXX 2000 2: 145-166.

92. Educational Qualifications: The Economic and Trade Issues. In Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice (Special issue on Globalization, Qualifications and Livelihoods). Edited by Angela Little. Nov 2000, pp. 417-439.

91. The Growing International Market for Education Goods and Services. International Journal of Educational Development 2001 21(4): 345-361. [In Chinese]

90. From the Party/State to to Multi-Ethnic Democracy: Education and Social Cohesion in the Europe and Central Asia Region. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 2000 22(2): 173-191.


89. Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Serious Problems, Significant Opportunities. Corporate Council on Africa and The General Electric Fund. April 1999.

88. The Sad Story of UNESCO’s Education Statistics. International Journal of Education Development Jan 199 19: 65-74.

87. American Education: A View from the Outside. The International Journal of Leadership in Education 1999 2(1): 31-41.

86. A Defense from the Outside. The School Administrator 1998 55(8): 3034.

85. Development Aid in Education: A Personal View. In Changing International Aid to Education: Global Patterns and National Contexts. Edited by Kenneth King and Lene Buchert. Paris: UNESCO Publishing. 1999.

84. Economic Development and the International Trade in Education Reform. Prospects CCVII Dec 1997 4: 501-531.

83. Using TIMSS in a World of Change Presented to the National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC. Feb 1997.

82. Russian Vocational and Technical Education in the Transition: Tradition, Adaptation , Unresolved Problems. Institute for the Study of Russian Education Newsletter May 1997, pp. 22-34.

81. Egypt Reforming Vocational Education and Training to Meet Private Sector Skill Demands. In Skills and Change: Constraints and Innovation in Reform of Vocational Education and Training. Edited by Indermit Gill, Fred Fluitamn and Amit Dar. Washington DC: World Bank/International Labor Organization. 1997.

80. The Quality of Education in the Middle East and North Africa. International Journal of Educational Development 1997 17(4): 449-466.

79. Educational Cooperation Between Nations in the Next Century. In Comparative Education Challenges and Intermediation: Essays in Honor of Wolfgang Mitter. Edited by Christoph Kodron, Botho con App, Use Lauterbach, Ulrich Schafer and Garland Schmidt. Köln: Bohlau Verlag GmbH and Ice. 1997.

78. Transition from Party/State to Open Democracy: The Role of Education. International Journal of Educational Development 1998 18(1): 21-40.

77. Education and Social Stability in Russia. Compare 27 1997 1: 5-18.

76. Educational Choice in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union: A Review Essay. Education Economics 1997 5(3): 333-339.

75. Jim Coleman: A Personal Story. Educational Researcher 1997 26(1): 28-30.

74. Thoughts on Social Stabilization. CIVITAS 1995. Prague: Civitas. 1995.

73. Russia: Education in the Transition. Washington DC: The World Bank Europe and Central Asia Country Department III. 1995.

72. Economics of Education: Disappointments and Potential. Prospects XXV 1995 4: 559-583.

71. Entering a Higher Grade: Proposals to Reform Russia’s Education System. Transition Jan-Feb 1995 6(1-2): 1-5.

70. International Educational Cooperation in the Next Century. CIES Newsletter 109 May 1995

69. Female Educational Enrollment in the Middle East and North Africa: A Question of Poverty of Culture? Educational Horizons 1994 72(4): 166-179.

68. America’s Most Precious Export. American School Board Journal 1995 182(3): 23-26.

67. Education in the Europe and Central Asia Region: Policies of Adjustment and Excellence. Washington DC: Office of the Vice President, Europe and Central Asia Region IPD-145, August 1994. [Reprinted in Reflections on Education in Russia, edited by F.J.H. Mertons. 1995]

66. Issues of Educational Finance and Management in ECA and OECD Countries. Washington DC: World Bank HRO Working Paper No. 26. April 1994.

65. Human Development in the Middle East and North Africa Region. In Economic Development of the Arab Countries: Selected Issues. Edited by Said El-Naggar. Washington DC: Arab Monetary Fund. 1993.

64. Comparative Education: Issues of Quantity, Quality and Source. Comparative Education Review Nov 1993 37: 372-388.

63.Review of ‘Publishing and Development in the Third World.’ Publishing and Research Quarterly Fall 1993: 89-93.

62. Educational Quality and the Crisis of Educational Research. International Review of Education 1993 39(6): 511-517.

61. Universal Adult Literacy: Policy Myths and Realities. Annals of the American Academy of Political Sciences. March 1992. No. 520. Edited by Daniel Wagner.

60. Inequality in Educational Quality: An International Perspective. In Spheres of Justice: The 1990 American Education Finance Association Yearbook. Edited by Deborah A. Verstegen and James G. Ward. New York: Harper Collins. 1991. pp 103-128.

59. Revolution in the East: The Educational Lessons. In Reforming Education in a Changing World: International Perspectives. Edited by Kern Alexander and Vivian Williams. Oxford: Oxford International Roundtable on Education Policy. 1991.

58. Review of “Improving Education Quality: A Global Perspective,” ed. by David W. Chapman and Carol A. Cannier. Educational Policy Dec 1991, pp. 436-437.

57. The World Economic Crisis and the Quality of Education. Journal of Educational Financing Spring 1990 pp 456-469.

56. Economic Crisis and its Effects on Equity in Education: An International Perspective. In Spheres of Justice in American Education: 1990 Yearbook of the American Education Finance Association, Deborah A. Verstegn, ed. New York: Harper and Row. 1991.

55. Economic Crisis and the Quality of Education. International Journal of Educational Development 1990 10(2/3): 115-129.

54. Using Examinations to Improve the Quality of Education. Educational Policy 1990 4(3): 177-192. (co-authored with Angela Ransom)

53. Education On the World Market. American School Board Journal Mar 1990 pp 28-29.

52. The Textbook Industry in Developing Countries. Washington DC: World Bank, Finance and Development.

51. Protection in the Textbook Industry in Developing Countries. Book Research Quarterly Winter 1989 5(4): 3-11.














50. Multilevel Methods for Analyzing School Effects in Developing Countries. Comparative Education Review Nov 1989 33(4): 498-54.

49. Third World School Quality Current Collapse, Future Potential. Educational Researcher Mar 1989 18(2): 12-19.

48. University Examinations and Standardized Testing. Washington DC: World Bank Technical Paper No. 78. Jan 1988 (co-edited with Ingemar Fägerlind)

47. Textbooks in Developing Nations: Economic and Pedagogical Choices. Washington DC: World Bank. 1989. (co-edited with J. Farrell) [Summary article also published in Textbooks in the Third World: Policy, Content and Context by Philip G. Altbach and Gail P. Kelly. New York: Garland Publishing. 1988. pp 19-45]

46. Higher Education in Developing Countries What, How, and When? Institute of Development Studies Bulletin 1989 20(1): 41-48.

45. Education Sector Training to Include ‘Quiver of Arrows.’ EDI Review April 1988 Washington DC: World Bank.

44. Uses of Examinations in Developing Countries Selection, Research and Education Sector Management. International Journal of Educational Development 1987 7(4): 251-263.

43. Curricular Economics in Secodary Education An Emerging Crisis. Prospects 1987 17(1): 63-74.

42. Education and Hunger in Developing Countries: Presentation to the US House of Representatives, Select Committee on Hunger, Washington DC. March 1987.

41. Investing in Children: The Economics of Education. Washington DC: World Bank. 1986 (co-authored with Daphne White)

40. The Nature of a ‘Practical’ Curriculum. Education with Production, East Africa Feb 1986 4(2): 91-104.

39. The Search for School Effects in Developing Countries, 1966-86. Washington DC: World Bank Economic Development Institute Seminar Paper No. 33. 1986. [French version appeared in L’Art et la Science de l’enseignment home a Gilbert de Landsheere, M. Crahay, ed. Paris: Nathan. 1986.]

38. Investing in Education: A Quarter Century of World Bank Experience. Washington DC: World Bank Economic Development Institute Seminar Paper No. 30. 1986.

37. The Quality of Education and Economic Development. Washington DC: World Bank. (co-edited with Daphne Siev White)

36. Diversifying Secondary School Curricula in Developing Countries: An Implementation History and Some Policy Options. International Journal of Educational Development 1985 5(4): 283-288.

35. Research on Education in Developing Countries. International Journal of Educational Development 1984 4(4): 293-304.

34. Textbooks in the Philippines: Evaluationof the Pedagogical Impact of a Nationwide Investment. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis Summer 1984 6(2): 139-150. (co-authored with Dean Jamison and Xenia Montenegro)

33. Educational Investment and Economic Productivity: the Evidence from Malawi. International journal of Educational Development Feb 1984 4(1): 9-15.

32. Guest Editor: Special Issue on ‘Education and the World Bank.’ Canadian and International Education 1983 12(1).

31. Improving the Quality of Education in Developing Countries. Finance and Development March 1983: 18-21. [Reprinted Education and Development: Views from the World Bank by Aklilu Habte, George Psacharopoulos, and Stephen Heyneman. Washington DC. 1983]

30. The Distribution of Primary School Quality within High- and Low-Income Countries. Comparative Education Review Feb 1983 27(1): 108-118. (co-authored with William Loxley)

29. Education During a Period of Austerity Uganda 1971-1981. Comparative Education Review Oct 1983 27(3): 403-413.

28. The Effect of Primary School Quality in Academic Achievement Across Twenty-Nine High and Low Income Countries. American Journal of Sociology May 1983 88(6): 1162-1194. (co-authored with William Loxley)

27. Resource Availability, Equality and Educational Opportunity Among Nations. In Education and Development: Issues in the Analysis and Planning of Post-Colonial Societies. Edited by Lascelles Anderson and Douglas Windham. Lexington (MA): Lexington Books. 1982.

26. Influences on Academic Achievement Across High and Low Income Countries A Re-analyis of IEA Data. Sociology of Education Jan 1982 55(1): 13-21 (co-authored with William Loxley)

25. Textbooks and Achievement in Developing Countries: What We Know. Journal of Curriculum Studies 1981 13(2): 227-2446. (co-authored with Manuel A. Sepulveda-Stuardo and Joseph P. Farrell)

24. Improving Elementary Mathematics Education in Nicaragua. Journal of Educational Psychology Aug 1981 73(4): 556-567. (Co-authored with Dean Jamison, Barbara Searle and Klaus Galda)

23. Planning the Equality of Educational Opportunity Between Regions. In Regional Disparities in Educational Development: A Controversial Issue. Edited by Gabriel Caron and Ta Ngoc Chau. Paris: UNESCO International Institute of Educational Planning. 1980

22. Instruction in the Mother Tongue: The Question of Logistics. Journal of Canadian and International Education Dec 1980 9(2): 88-94.

21. The Evaluation of Human Capital in Malawi. Washington DC: World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 420. Oct 1980.

20. Student Learning in Uganda Textbook Availability and Other Factors Comparative Education Review June 1980 24(2): 108-118. (Co-authored with Dean Jamison)

19. Differences Between Developed and Developing Countries Comment on Simmons and Alexander’s Determinants of School Achievement. Economic Development and Cultural Change Jan 1980 28(2): 403-406.

18. Investment in Indian Education: Uneconomic? Washington DC: World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 327. May 1979. [Republished in World Development 1980 4: 145-163].









Dissertation: The Influences on Academic Achievement in Uganda: A ‘Coleman Report’ from a Non-Industrial Society. PhD. University of Chicago. 1975.

17. Schooling, Academic Performance and Occupational Attainment in a Non-Industrialized Society. Washington DC: University Press of America. 1979. (co-authored with Janice K. Currie)

16. Why Impoverished Children Do Well in Ugandan Schools. Comparative Education June 197 15(2): 175-185.

15. The Career Education Debate: Where the Differences Lie. Teachers College Record May 1979 80(4): 660-688.

14. Adolescence Obligations and Educational Policy. American Biology Teacher Oct 1978 40(7): 423-432.

13. Textbooks and Achievement in Developing Countries: What We Know. Washington DC: World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 298. Oct 1978. (co-authored with Joseph P. Farrel and Manuel Sepulveda-Stuardo.

12. Differences in Construction, Facilities, Equipment and Academic Achievement among Ugandan Primary Schools International Review of Education 1977 23: 35-46

11. Relationships Between the Primary School Community and Academic Achievement in Uganda Journal of Developing Areas Jan 1977 11(2): 245-259.

10. The Frequency and Quality of Measures Utilized in Federally Sponsored Research on Children and Adolescents American Educational Research Journal Spring 1977 14(2): 99-113 (co-authored with Pamela Mintz) 

9. Influences on Academic Achievement- A Comparison of Results from Uganda and More Industrialized Societies Sociology of Education Jul 1976 49(3): 200-211.

8. A Brief Note on the Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status and Test Performance among Ugandan Primary School Children Comparative Education Review 1976 20(1): 42-47.

7. Continuing Issues in Adolescence: Transition to Adulthood Debates Journal of Youth and Adolescence  1976 5(4): 309-323.

6. Relationships Between Teacher Characteristics and Differences in Academic Achievement Among Ugandan Primary Schools. Education in East Africa 6, Nov 1975.

5. Changes in Efficiency and Equity Accruing from Government Involvent in Ugandan Primary Education. African Studies Review Apr 1975;51-60.

Toward Interagency Coordination – Third Annual Report. Prepared for the Inter-Agency Panel for Research and Development on Adolescence. Washington DC: George Washington University Social Research Group. Dec 1975.

4. Toward Interagency Coordination – Second Annual Report. Prepared for the Inter-Agency Panel for Research and Development on Adolescence. Washington DC: George Washington University Social Research Group. Dec 1974

3. Fallacies in Educational Economics: Some Heresies Relevant to African Planning. Manpower and Unemployment Research in Africa Apr 1972: 31-37

2. The Formal School as a Traditional Institution in an Underdeveloped Society: The Case of Northern Malawi. Pedagogica Historica Nov 1972 12(2):460-472.

1. The Conflict Over What is Learned in School: A History of Curriculum Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa (monograph) Syracuse: Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs Center for East African Studies. 1971.